NEWS (8)
CM | 21/02/2019

XXXIV Scientific meetings in the Mediterranean. -Josep Miquel Vidal- Menorca, 9-11th October 2018

Scientists, historians and analysts agree that most likely XXI will be the century of Biology. The augment of the technological capacity to obtain and manage large volumes of data from biological systems should lead biology and, in particular ecology, towards a new theoretical sphere, increasingly grounded on principles and general mechanisms.

In this transition, physics will play an essential role for its capacity for abstract and fundamental reasoning. At the frontier between biology and physics, this revolution is already under way. The significant increase in the availability of data has already put forward relevant quantitative advances on several biological disciplines, among them ecology, ranging from the study of ecosystem functioning to population and behavioral ecology. However, and due to the complexity of the issues that arise, this revolution requires a great deal of synthesis and conceptualization.

This meeting aims to be a meeting point for researchers living in this stimulating frontier, so that they offer us their points of view and the keys that must mark these challenges for the future.

CM | 22/02/2018

Symposium Organizers: Craig Maloney & M. Carmen Miguel

October 10-12, 2018, Leganés, Madrid (Spain)

This symposium will bring together researchers working on experiments, theory, and numerical simulation from across disciplines including theoretical mechanics, statistical mechanics, and materials science on a variety of material systems where the randomness and the statistical distribution of local properties gove rns the macroscopic response. The systems of interest include: Glasses; Granular materials; Soft glassy material (foams, suspensions, emulsions) ; Elastic networks ( hydrogels, bio-polymer networks ), Crystal plasticity (dislocation lines moving through a field of obstacles), Random quasi-brittle fracture in materials and at the geological scale. In many of these systems, understanding the rare configura tions in the tales of the statistical distributions, usually near a mechanical threshold, are key to understanding the macroscopic response. For example: i) the elastic properties of weakly cross-linked networks and gels are dominated by relatively few disordered vibrational low frequency eigenmodes, ii) the visco-plastic response of amorphous materials is governed by the few weak zones in the material which undergo plastic rearrangement, iii) size-strength relationships in random quasi-brittle fracture can be understood in terms of extreme value statistics. Relating these rare states to the macroscopic response is the key issue to be addressed .